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Tag Archives: Technique

April 10

April 10, 1972 – Bedknobs and Broomsticks Wins Academy Award for Special Visual Effects

B&BAA

“Treguna, Mekoides, Trecorum Satis Dee.”

On April 10, 1972, the 44th Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. Nominated for five Academy Awards, the live-action feature Bedknobs and Broomsticks managed to go home with one for Best Visual Effects, beating out the film When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth by Hammer Films, distributed by Warner Brothers. One of the effects used included the sodium screen vapor process (originally developed by Ub Iwerks), which was used mostly for the flying bed scenes and involved a three-strip Technicolor camera that removed the sodium light by use of a prism. The sodium process has since been replaced by green screens and blue screens, as well as compositing via computers.

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March 25

March 25, 1996 – John Lasseter is Awarded a Special Academy Award for Toy Story

John Lasseter Award

“Now we take you to the world of computer animation, where director John Lasseter has proved that a boy with a hard drive can go a long way.” – Presenter Robin Williams

On March 25, 1996, the 68th Academy Awards were held in the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. At this ceremony, John Lasseter was awarded a special Academy Award for the creation of the first fully computer-animated feature film, Toy Story, calling its creation a milestone in the achievement of motion pictures. The film had been a long time in the making, going back to Lasseter’s aspirations after starting at Disney decades earlier. Lasseter showed up on stage to receive the award, bringing with him a Woody and a Buzz Lightyear toy. Lasseter thanked the Academy for its longtime support of student filmmakers, as well as everyone at Pixar and Disney for their support and effort into making the film.

February 14

February 14, 2004 – John Lasseter is Honored by the Art Directors Guild

JL

“In 2004, Lasseter was honored by the Art Directors Guild with its prestigious ‘Outstanding Contribution to Cinematic Imagery’…”

On February 14, 2004, the 8th annual Art Directors Guild Awards were held in California. Amongst the winners for best in film and television for 2003, John Lasseter from Pixar was honored by the guild with a special award for “Outstanding Contribution to Cinematic Imagery” thanks to his work in groundbreaking computer animation.

February 7

February 7, 2009 – Ed Catmull is Awarded the Gordon E. Sawyer Award

EdCatmull

“…for his lifetime of technical contributions and leadership in the field of computer graphics for the motion picture industry.”

On February 7, 2009, President of the Pixar Animation and Walt Disney Animation Studios was honored with the Gordon E. Sawyer Award at the Scientific and Technical Awards Presentation for the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. The award, first presented in 1981, is presented to those whose technological advances have helped the industry. Catmull was instrumental in creating the fundamentals of what would become computer animation, with his film A Computer Animated Hand being hailed as groundbreaking. He would go on to found three computer graphics research centers at New York Institute of Technology, Lucasfilm Ltd., and Pixar. Catmull had previously received two Scientific and Engineering Awards for his work in the film industry, winning as part of a team for RenderMan software in 1992 and part of a team for Digital Image Compositing in 1995.

February 4

February 4, 1999 – Pixar Announces PixarVision

Pixar

“[David DiFrancesco] recently led our team of scientists in developing PixarVision, which uses solid state lasers to record on multiple film formats with more quality and speed than ever before.” – Ed Catmull

On February 4, 1999, Pixar Animation Studios announced the creation of PixarVision, a new proprietary laser recording system that converts computer animation data onto motion picture film stock. The process was tested on the studio’s second animated feature A Bug’s Life, and was announced to be used on all Pixar animated features, starting with Toy Story 2. The process itself replaces the cathode ray tubes used to create the images that expose the filmstock with laser beams that are carefully controlled. The new process boasts higher quality color reproduction, sharper images, and faster recording. PixarVision, headed up by David DiFrancesco, was awarded by the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences with a Scientific and Technical Academy Award on February 27, 1999.

September 17

September 17, 1917 – Visual Effects Coordinator and Disney Legend Bob Broughton is Born

Bob Broughton

“If it looked like we doctored up a scene, we were a failure. Our effects weren’t supposed to be obvious.”

On September 17, 1917, Robert Broughton was born in Berkeley, California. A man of many talents, Broughton studied chemistry, physics, math, and optics at the University of California at Los Angeles. He joined the Disney Studios in 1937 in the mailroom, and quickly found his way to the camera department where his first major assignment was to shoot the test camera for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs; his job ensured that the animated scenes flowed smoothly before the final production shot. Broughton was then moved to the multiplane camera, becoming one of only two operators for the complex machine. After moving to the special photographic effects department and assisting with the “Night on Bald Mountain” segment, Broughton found himself promoted to camera department supervisor. His work with the studio was interrupted by World War II, where he served in the Army as a cameraman for the Office of Strategic Services. His skills were used on an Oscar Award winning film about the Battle of Midway, and after the war, he returned to Disney to assist fellow Disney Legend Ub Iwerks. Broughton’s technical wizardry created magical effects for several animated and live-action films, and even for the Disney Anthology series. He continued to work on films until his retirement in 1982, and remained involved with the company through the Golden Ears Retirement Club for fifteen years. He was honored for his work in Disney film in 2001. In 2009, Broughton passed away at the age of 91.

August 12

August 12, 1919 – Supervisor of the Paint Lab and Disney Legend Dodie Roberts is Born

Dodie Roberts

“I love puzzles, and mixing paint was like putting together a puzzle. It was fascinating to create colors and to get them exact.”

On August 12, 1919, Dodie Roberts was born in Plainview, Nebraska. After attending college in Delaware, Roberts moved to Southern California in 1939, and was invited to visit the burgeoning Disney Studios. In October of that year, Roberts gained employment at the Studio as a runner for the Ink and Paint Department. Soon after, she was promoted, being given the choice position of creating new colors for the staff. The work was challenging and exact, as many proprietary colors were created in the lab for use in animated features; only the Supervisor of the department was allowed to know the ingredients in the paints, as there was fear that other studios could swipe the formula. In 1972, Roberts became the Supervisor of the Paint Lab, overseeing eight staff members and more than 500 shades of color. One of her responsibilities was making sure that the right paints were selected, down to the gradations of single colors to match the lighting and mood in any particular scene. In 1984, Roberts retired after 45 years with Disney. A shade of purple was developed in her honor, named Dodie 6. She, along with fellow employee Al Jones, worked to found the Disney Golden Ears Retirement Club in the same year for former employees. In 2000, she was honored as a Disney Legend. In 2008, Roberts passed away at the age of 88.